Exposure, perceived risk, and psychological distress among general population during the COVID-19 lockdown in Wuhan, China

… This study aimed to examine the relationships between exposures, perceived risk, and psychological distress among the general population in Wuhan during the COVID-19 lockdown.

Data were from a cross-sectional online survey conducted from 20 February to 4 March 2020. Final analyses included 4,234 Wuhan respondents. A 5-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist was adopted to assess respondents’ psychological distress.

It was found that nervousness, fear, and worry were the most common symptoms among Wuhan residents during the lockdown. Exposure within a close physical distance, exposure within the social network, and perceived risk are significantly positively related to respondents’ psychological distress. Moreover, perceived risk mediated the effects of exposures on respondents’ psychological condition. …

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