quality of life

Preoperative state anxiety predicts postoperative health-related quality of life: A prospective observational study on patients undergoing lung cancer surgery

ObjectiveImproving quality of life (QOL) after surgery is very important. Recently, preoperative anxiety has been suggested to predict postoperative health-related (HR) QOL, however the accuracy of anxiety measurement remains problematic. We examined the relationship between preoperative anxiety level and postoperative HRQOL using qualitative and quantitative assessment of anxiety.MethodWe used a detailed anxiety assessment to quantitatively investigate preoperative anxiety as a predictor of postoperative HRQOL in lung cancer patients. Fifty one patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer were included. They were assessed four times: on admission, on discharge, 1 month after surgery, and 3 months after surgery. Anxiety was measured separately as “state anxiety” and “trait anxiety” using the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory, and HRQOL was measured using the EuroQol 5 dimension 5-level.ResultsThe HRQOL decreased at discharge and gradually recovered over time, reaching the same level at 3 months after surgery as at admission. HRQOL score was lower at discharge than at pre-surgery and 3 months after the surgery (p 

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