Are anxiety and depression the same?

anxiety panic attack fear treatment help psychotherapy psychiatry Dr Jonathan Haverkampf

No. These two conditions are very different, although many people can have both. Broadly speaking, anxiety describes an anxious emotional state while depression describes a mood state. There are different treatments for both. However, because they quite often occur simultaneously, a combined treatment approach is used or, in the case of a more general treatment method, both are addressed by the same treatment modality.

The WHO’s diagnostic manual ICD-10 describes the two diagnoses as follows:

F40 Phobic anxiety disorders

A group of disorders in which anxiety is evoked only, or predominantly, in certain well-defined situations that are not currently dangerous. As a result these situations are characteristically avoided or endured with dread. The patient’s concern may be focused on individual symptoms like palpitations or feeling faint and is often associated with secondary fears of dying, losing control, or going mad. Contemplating entry to the phobic situation usually generates anticipatory anxiety. Phobic anxiety and depression often coexist. Whether two diagnoses, phobic anxiety and depressive episode, are needed, or only one, is determined by the time course of the two conditions and by therapeutic considerations at the time of consultation.

F41 Other anxiety disorders

Disorders in which manifestation of anxiety is the major symptom and is not restricted to any particular environmental situation. Depressive and obsessional symptoms, and even some elements of phobic anxiety, may also be present, provided that they are clearly secondary or less severe.

Mood [affective] disorders (F30-F39)

This block contains disorders in which the fundamental disturbance is a change in affect or mood to depression (with or without associated anxiety) or to elation. The mood change is usually accompanied by a change in the overall level of activity; most of the other symptoms are either secondary to, or easily understood in the context of, the change in mood and activity. Most of these disorders tend to be recurrent and the onset of individual episodes can often be related to stressful events or situations.

F32 Depressive episode

In typical mild, moderate, or severe depressive episodes, the patient suffers from lowering of mood, reduction of energy, and decrease in activity. Capacity for enjoyment, interest, and concentration is reduced, and marked tiredness after even minimum effort is common. Sleep is usually disturbed and appetite diminished. Self-esteem and self-confidence are almost always reduced and, even in the mild form, some ideas of guilt or worthlessness are often present. The lowered mood varies little from day to day, is unresponsive to circumstances and may be accompanied by so-called “somatic” symptoms, such as loss of interest and pleasurable feelings, waking in the morning several hours before the usual time, depression worst in the morning, marked psychomotor retardation, agitation, loss of appetite, weight loss, and loss of libido. Depending upon the number and severity of the symptoms, a depressive episode may be specified as mild, moderate or severe.

Other articles on this site on anxiety which you might find helpful include:

Anxiety

Tiny Love Stories: ‘I Blamed My Anxiety’

Modern Love in miniature, featuring reader-submitted stories of no more than 100 words.

Anxiety During Pregnancy Can Lead To Earlier Births

Women who experience anxiety while pregnant are more likely to give birth earlier than women who don’t.

How fear memories get stuck in some brains

Researchers have discovered a biological mechanism that increases the strength with which fear memories are stored in the brain. The study, done in rats, provides new knowledge on the mechanisms behind anxiety-related disorders, and identifies shared mechanisms behind anxiety and alcohol dependence.

Museums on prescription: Brussels tests cultural visits to treat anxiety

Psychiatrists in the city can now prescribe free visits to cultural venues to complement other treatmentsA tour of ancient sewers? An encounter with a masterpiece of 16th-century lace-making? These are two of the therapies on offer to people in Brussels suffering from depression, stress or anxiety.From this month, psychiatrists in one of the city’s largest ...

Free talk at Gorey Library offered insight into mental health

A FREE talk in Gorey library offered people time and space to learn about anxiety and practical tools that can help them to manage it.

Problems Persist for Kids Exposed to Cannabis in the Womb

Prenatal exposure to cannabis was associated with an increased risk of neuropsychological disorders, including anxiety and depression, in children. The risk grows as they enter adolescence and adulthood.

Daytime Eating May Benefit Mental Health – Anxiety and Depression

The time of day at which you eat your meals may have a significant impact on symptoms of anxiety and depression, a new study reports.

‘The British are worried’: Queen’s death comes amid deep economic anxiety

Britons’ shock and sorrow over the death of Queen Elizabeth II’s comes at an especially difficult time as the country – and the world – faces a cost-of-living crisis. But among the mourners around Buckingham Palace on Sunday there was a sense that the queen will remain a source of inspiration for the British people during ...

Sheila Tobias, Who Defined ‘Math Anxiety,’ Dies at 86

Feeling jittery about math — and altogether avoiding it — “is a serious handicap” that often affected women, she wrote in Ms. magazine in 1976, followed by a book on the subject.

Jumping Gene Found to Be Strongly Linked to Depression, Fear, and Anxiety

The TOB gene plays a significant role in reducing depression, anxiety, and fear in mouse models. The findings could have positive implications for developing new treatments for disorders associated with psychiatric stress.

How We Misunderstand Anxiety and Miss Out on Its Benefits

Feeling anxious actually releases dopamine, motivating us to take action to pursue rewards and make changes to bring forth the futures we desire.

‘Jumping gene’ found to be strongly linked to depression, fear, and anxiety

In a multidisciplinary study that combines molecular biology with neuroscience, researchers have found that Tob gene plays an important role in reducing depression, fear, and anxiety.

How to use the 333 rule for anxiety

Feeling anxious? This simple trick can help alleviate some of those worries

Psychological distress before COVID-19 infection increases risk of long COVID

Depression, anxiety, worry, perceived stress, and loneliness measured early in the pandemic, before infection with COVID-19, were associated with up to 45% increased risk of developing long COVID. Distress was more strongly associated with developing long COVID than physical health risk factors such as obesity, asthma, and hypertension. The increased risk associated with distress was ...

Children too anxious to attend school being failed by English councils – report

Ombudsman says children are going months and even years without proper alternative educationCouncils are failing to put adequate alternative education in place for the growing numbers of children in England who are unable to attend school because of social anxiety, according to a report by the local government ombudsman.Many have complex special educational needs and ...

The people making a difference: the man who set up a mental health walking group for ‘blokes’

After bottling up his own anxieties for a decade, Scott Oughton-Johnson created a group for other men who’ve felt the same. Now it’s his turn to be treatedScott Oughton-Johnson simply did not talk about his feelings. Not when he separated from the mother of his children a decade ago, and not during their subsequent custody ...

Therapy v medication? How to choose the best treatment for anxiety

Medication is often prescribed as a quick-fix but therapy can be more helpful in the long-run, if accessible. Here’s how to work out what is best for youSince the beginning of the pandemic, there has been a soaring demand for mental health services, with an estimated 1.6 million people in England waiting for specialised support, ...

How to use the 333 rule for anxiety

Feeling anxious? This simple trick can help alleviate some of those worries

Distress leads to higher COVID vaccine rates, less adherence to distancing guidelines, study finds

People who were more distressed — showing signs of anxiety or depression — during the COVID-19 pandemic were less likely to follow some best practice recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, according to a new study. However, those same people were more likely than their non-distressed peers to get vaccinated. The authors ...

Psychedelics may lessen fear of death and dying, similar to feelings reported by those who’ve had near death experiences

In a survey study of more than 3,000 adults, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers compared psychedelic experiences with near-death experiences that were not drug related and found notable similarities in people’s attitudes toward death. Survey participants in both groups reported having less fear of death and dying after the experience. They also reported that the experience ...

OVERCOMING SOCIAL ANXIETY BY EMBRACING UNCERTAINTY

Acknowledging Uncertainty In the 1600’s, the famous French philosopher René Descartes set out on a journey in an effort to discover truth. The question he asked was: what can one know—with certainty—is real? At the end of this philosophical journey, he came to the conclusion that there was almost nothing in life of which he… ...

How to Cope with Anxiety? Here are 13 Ways to Cope

If you deal with anxiety, there are strategies you can use to avoid feeling consumed by it. Here are some quick solutions to help you address the situation immediately, as well as long-term methods to combat a recurring issue.

How To Cope With The Anxiety Of Pregnancy After A Loss

Contradictory emotions are a part of pregnancy after loss.

Does your child have anxiety?

Experts explain when to worry and how to talk about it with your kids.

Depression and anxiety led to weight gain among people living with obesity during pandemic

People living with obesity who experienced high levels of depression, anxiety and stress reported gaining the most weight during the first year of the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new study.

Easing anxiety: How you can help reduce stress and better handle difficult situations

You can’t really call it an epidemic, but anxiety is running at such high levels that therapists are booked solid currently — but not all stress is caused by big things. Often it’s the momentary stress that can up to a big effect. KDKA’s John Shumway is looking into what causes micro-transition anxiety — a ...

5 Ways You Can Help Someone With an Anxiety Disorder

Experts say simply offering to listen to your loved one’s worries and providing them moral support can go a long way.

Who Is In Control, You Or Your Anxiety?

Winning over Anxiety – the Power of the Vagus Nerve

When you find yourself in a bout of anxiety, your body is experiencing a heightened version of the fight or flight reaction. In the body, this reaction is maintained by the sympathetic nervous system, which is largely the counterpart of the parasympathetic nervous system. They both make up the autonomous nervous system. Greater activation of the ...

Anxiety – Immediate Help through Grounding

There are techniques that can help you right away when you experience anxiety. They are not a replacement for professional treatment and therapy but can often be helpful when one experiences anxiety. One such strategy is grounding, meaning reconnecting with the physical world around you in a way that helps you calm down and lessen ...

How I learned to tame my hypochondria

Recent years have seen a dramatic rise in the number of people suffering with health anxiety. Annalisa Barbieri reveals what triggered – and eventually settled – her ‘late-onset hypochondria’Surrounded, as I was growing up, by slightly health-hysterical women (“How are you?” I once asked an aunt over the phone. “I’m on a mobile intravenous drip,” ...

POST-PANDEMIC SOCIAL ANXIETY: SIMPLE STEPS TO START LIVING AGAIN AFTER COVID

My colleagues and I have noticed a dramatic increase in anxiety and anxiety-related disorders over the past two pandemic years. While apprehension is a typical response during times of strife, as we return to more normal lives many people have been caught off-guard to realize how uncomfortable they now are in social situations – especially… ...

How to Stop Needing Everyone to Like You

What Does it Mean If You Want Everyone to Like You? Are you wondering how to stop needing everyone to like you? The need to be liked by others is a deep-seated psychological vulnerability. It’s often driven by low self-esteem and a fear of rejection. People pleasers go out of their way to avoid conflict ...

‘Anxiety is part of me’: Mara Wilson and other anxious minds on how they cope

From lavender oil to a cold martini, Bruce Springsteen to sertraline, four writers share the tools they have found to manage their symptomsOf the nine most commonly diagnosed anxiety disorders on the Mind website, I’ve been diagnosed with seven. I realise this is a peculiar boast, but in case you’re wondering – hypochondria, a legitimate ...

12 Tips to Overcome the Fear of Eating in Public (Guaranteed)

How to Overcome the Fear of Eating in Front of People A lot of people feel uncomfortable eating in public. Maybe you’re one of them. It’s natural to feel self-conscious and anxious when eating around other people, but there are ways to overcome the fear. The best way to overcome the fear of eating in ...

IS YOUR INNER CRITIC TO BLAME FOR YOUR SOCIAL ANXIETY?

Picture this. You enjoyed dinner with a friend who you haven’t seen in ages. You two shared a meal and a laugh after months of not being able to coordinate schedules. Despite having a nice time catching up, negative thoughts begin to creep in on your drive home. Before you know it, you start to… ...

“Massive Rise in Prescribing” New Prescription Nation Series by RTÉ Investigates

The new Prescription Nation series, looks into prescription drug use in Ireland, by Con Corrigan with RTÉ Investigates. RTÉ Investigates

Post partum Psychosis: You are not broken

Laura Dockrill has written a blog post for Mother of all Lists to share her experience with other mothers facing the same

Exercise and Social Anxiety – does it help?

Hi, Last year we did some investigating in scientific journals about whether or not exercise can help reduce social anxiety. You can read what we found out here. The TL;DR version is that we found that exercise can help alleviate social anxiety by increasing your feel good hormones, increasing self-efficacy and by acting as a distraction. A ...

Social Anxiety

Can psychotherapy help against anxiety?

https://youtu.be/dpPszrF4Z1o (c) 2022 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition where patients either have repeated intrusive thoughts, perform compulsive behaviours (rituals), or both. The attempt to suppress these thoughts or behaviours leads to heightened anxiety and tension. While patients notice that the thoughts or behaviours do not make sense, they often find it impossible to stop them. ...

How to Fit In

Are you socially anxious and wondering how to fit in? Maybe you’ve just moved to a new school or neighborhood, or maybe you’ve been feeling like an outsider in your current situation. Whatever the case may be, there are some things you can do to help yourself feel more comfortable and accepted. Ultimately, the best ...

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder (5)

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Social anxiety disorder can significantly reduce an individual’s choices in life and the quality of life overall. Since communication is the process by which humans fulfil their needs, values and aspirations, its effectiveness is important for satisfaction, contentment and happiness in life. It is the main autoregulatory instrument, ...

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder (5)

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Social anxiety disorder can significantly reduce an individual’s choices in life and the quality of life overall. Since communication is the process by which humans fulfil their needs, values and aspirations, its effectiveness is important for satisfaction, contentment and happiness in life. It is the main autoregulatory instruments, ...

Benzodiazepines and Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Benzodiazepines and Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Anxiety and Panic Attacks Christian Jonathan Haverkampf M.D. The benzodiazepines have been used for decades in the treatment of anxiety and panic attacks. They still are the only widely used and effective medication available that can stop anxiety within a very short amount of time. Recommendations for their used have ...

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Social anxiety disorder can significantly reduce an individual’s choices in life and the quality of life overall. Since communication is the process by which humans fulfil their needs, values and aspirations, its effectiveness is important for satisfaction, contentment and happiness in life. It is the main autoregulatory instruments, ...

Social Anxiety

Social Anxiety Dr Christian Jonathan Haverkampf M.D. This article provides a brief overview of social anxiety and its treatment. There are several psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment options. Often, a combination of the two leads to superior results. Special emphasis is given to a communication-oriented approach. Since communication is the mechanism which is impaired, communication is also the ...

Haverkampf CJ Treatment-Resistant Social Anxiety J Psychiatry Psychotherapy Communication 2015 Dec 31 4(4) 117-127

Panic Attacks

Therapy for Panic Attacks

A combination of psychotherapy and medication has good empirical support for its effectiveness in the therapy of panic attacks. In more severe cases of panic attacks, when it is no longer possible to leave the house, medication may be needed to make psychotherapy possible. Among the various psychotherapeutic approaches, CBT targets maladaptive thought processes and beliefs. ...

Benzodiazepines and Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Benzodiazepines and Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Anxiety and Panic Attacks Christian Jonathan Haverkampf M.D. The benzodiazepines have been used for decades in the treatment of anxiety and panic attacks. They still are the only widely used and effective medication available that can stop anxiety within a very short amount of time. Recommendations for their used have ...

Communication-Focused Therapy® (CFT) for Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Communication-Focused Therapy® (CFT) for Anxiety and Panic Attacks Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Communication-Focused Therapy® (CFT) is a psychotherapy developed by the author, which can be applied to a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety disorder and panic attacks. It focuses on creating greater awareness and insight into internal and external communication patterns and making changes to ...

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder

Therapy of Social Anxiety Disorder Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Social anxiety disorder can significantly reduce an individual’s choices in life and the quality of life overall. Since communication is the process by which humans fulfil their needs, values and aspirations, its effectiveness is important for satisfaction, contentment and happiness in life. It is the main autoregulatory instruments, ...

Social Anxiety

Social Anxiety Dr Christian Jonathan Haverkampf M.D. This article provides a brief overview of social anxiety and its treatment. There are several psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment options. Often, a combination of the two leads to superior results. Special emphasis is given to a communication-oriented approach. Since communication is the mechanism which is impaired, communication is also the ...

Burnout

Burnout Dr Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Burnout is a type of psychological stress. Occupational burnout or job burnout is characterized by exhaustion, lack of enthusiasm and motivation, feelings of ineffectiveness, and often a sense of frustration and higher irritability. Efficacy within the workplace is usually reduced, no matter how much the individual tries to work even harder ...

Haverkampf CJ Treatment-Resistant Panic Attacks J Psychiatry Psychotherapy Communication 2016 Jun 30 5(2) 45-68

Escitalopram in the Treatment of Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Panic Attacks and Medication (3)

Abstract – Panic attacks can interfere greatly with a patient’s social, professional and personal life. The first-line treatment is usually a combination of psychotherapy and medication. Medication broadly addresses two time horizons. In the short-run, benzodiazepines or benzodiazepine-like drugs reduces anxiety within twenty minutes to an hour, which is too long to treat an acute ...

Psychotherapeutic Technique: A Brief Overview

Psychotherapeutic Technique A Brief Overview (3) Ch Jonathan Haverkampf   Psychotherapeutic Technique: A Brief Overview Dr Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D.   Introduction When patients come to see a therapist, they often have a long list of things that do not work for them in their lives. It is easy to overlook that one of the hardest steps towards health has been taken, ...

Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Anxiety and Panic Attacks Christian Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. Abstract – Anxieties can cause incredible suffering, especially in combination with panic attacks, which are usually a short-lived but more intense form of anxiety. At the foundation is often a subconscious, or sometimes partially conscious, feeling that something in life is ‘out of sync’. Anxiety is often triggered by ...

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

error: Alert: Content is protected !!