Preoperative state anxiety predicts postoperative health-related quality of life: A prospective observational study on patients undergoing lung cancer surgery

ObjectiveImproving quality of life (QOL) after surgery is very important. Recently, preoperative anxiety has been suggested to predict postoperative health-related (HR) QOL, however the accuracy of anxiety measurement remains problematic. We examined the relationship between preoperative anxiety level and postoperative HRQOL using qualitative and quantitative assessment of anxiety.MethodWe used a detailed anxiety assessment to quantitatively investigate preoperative anxiety as a predictor of postoperative HRQOL in lung cancer patients. Fifty one patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer were included. They were assessed four times: on admission, on discharge, 1 month after surgery, and 3 months after surgery. Anxiety was measured separately as “state anxiety” and “trait anxiety” using the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory, and HRQOL was measured using the EuroQol 5 dimension 5-level.ResultsThe HRQOL decreased at discharge and gradually recovered over time, reaching the same level at 3 months after surgery as at admission. HRQOL score was lower at discharge than at pre-surgery and 3 months after the surgery (p 

The effects of different surgical approaches on the psychological status, medical coping mode and quality of life of patients with lung cancer

ObjectiveThis study aimed to compare the effects of robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS), video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and thoracotomy on the psychological status, medical coping mode, and quality of life of patients with lung cancer.MethodsA total of 158 patients with lung cancer were selected from the thoracic surgery center of a third-grade hospital in Hunan Province, China, from September to November 2020. The Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire (MCMQ), and Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were used to assess the effects of the surgical approaches on the study parameters before and 48–96 h after surgery. The t-test and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data.ResultsThe results revealed that the patients’ depression increased, their short-term quality of life decreased, and they tended to adopt a positive coping mode after surgery (p 

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