Articles

Pure ‘O’ OCD and Psychotherapy

Abstract – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a condition in which people feel the need to check things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly (‘rituals’), or have certain thoughts repeatedly. People are unable to control either the thoughts or the activities for any longer periods of time. Suppressing the behavior or thoughts often causes intense feelings of anxiety, tension, nervousness and fear. OCD is quite common, and it is mostly treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication. There is some discussion as to whether categorizations of OCD into heterogeneous forms, including a pure obsessive form, make sense. However, there are common themes and mechanisms underlying any form of OCD.

Keywords: OCD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, communication, psychotherapy, psychiatry

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Facing Down Your Fears (2)

Facing one’s fears means acting, even if one feels anxious or fearful, to ultimately reduce fears that are a hindrance to acting and interacting with the world constructively. These are fears that do not protect the individual but interfere with life. Understanding the messages in these fears can provide important information for changes that benefit and reduce the fears.

Keywords: fear, anxiety, communication, psychotherapy

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Finding Your Dreams (2)

Finding one’s dreams mean connecting with one’s needs, values and aspirations, which requires granting oneself a high level of internal freedom. Every dream has meaningful information which just needs to be decoded. This, however, requires some practice in working with communication patterns and structures.
What one aspires to should be in sync with one’s values and true wants and needs. If these own basic parameters are not known, it is difficult to identify a dream as a helpful vision or a potential nightmare. Many people are afraid of their own needs and aspirations, but this is usually the result of a disconnect from oneself and the world.

Keywords: future, aspirations, success, psychotherapy, psychiatry

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

A Case of Severe OCD – Obsessive Thoughts

Abstract—Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is often more difficult to treat than anxiety, depression and other psychiatric disorders. However, with a combination of psychotherapy and medication treatment can be effective in most cases. Within a few months there is often a marked improvement in symptoms and quality of life. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) at a higher dose, possibly in combination with a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA), and a psychotherapy that increases insight into the symptoms and improves internal and external communication can show good results in even more severe cases. Communication focused therapy (CFT), as developed by the author, further focuses on identifying needs, values and aspirations, which shows to be of significant help int the treatment of OCD.

Index Terms—obsessive-compulsive disorder, OCD, psychotherapy, medication, treatment, psychiatry

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

When Relationships End (1)

The end of one relationship is usually the beginning of another relationship. However, there can be strong emotions and pain in between. There are also the questions how a relationship could fall apart in which partners were supposed to know each other. Greater awareness for and working with internal and external communication can benefit everyone involved significantly.

Keywords: termination of relationship, relationship, communication, psychotherapy

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Insomnia and Psychotherapy (2)

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Gender Identity (1)

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Antidepressants and Suicide (2)

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Psychiatry and Communication (1)

Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders. These include various abnormalities related to mood, behavior, cognition, and perceptions. Working on internal and external communication is a central focus in psychiatric treatment.

Keywords: psychiatry, psychotherapy, communication, medicine

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© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters play an important role in transmitting information between neurons across the synaptic cleft. Various regions and pathways in the brain use different patterns of neurotransmitters and different receptor subclasses, which helps to identify the role specific neurotransmitters play in various psychiatric conditions in neuroimaging studies and can also make medication more specific.

Neurotransmitters are stored in synaptic vesicles in the axon terminal. Following a chemical or electric signal, the vesicles fuse with the membrane and release the neurotransmitter into the synaptic cleft. At the other end of the synapse, they bind to receptors on the membrane. The usual information transmission path is thus that a wave of electrical depolarisation migrates down the nerve fibre of one neuron, triggers a release of the neurotransmitter into the synapse, which is then picked up by the receptors on the nerve fibre of the next cell, where it leads to an electrical depolarisation or chemical signal. Information can be passed by this mechanism from one cell to the next along the nerve fibres of the cells contained in the neural network, while the neurotransmitter system allows to finetune and control it.

Presynaptic receptors may help in the autoregulation of the quantity of neurotransmitters released from an axon terminal into the synapse. They can, for example, inhibit the availability and release of neurotransmitters, when the neurotransmitter concentration outside the neuron is too high.

© 2018 Christian Jonathan Haverkampf